Black in the Day…Unbought and Unbossed

November 5, 1968:  On this day Shirley Chisholm became the first Black woman to be elected to Congress. Shirley Chisholm (born Shirley Anita St. Hill, November 30, 1924–January 1, 2005) was the first African-American woman ever elected to the U.S. Congress. She represented the 12th Congressional District of New York for seven terms (1968–1982) and quickly became known for her work on minority, women’s, and peace issues. Chisholm won election to the 91st Congress (1969–1971) running under the slogan “unbought and unbossed.” In 1968 she ran for the U.S. House of Representatives from New York’s 12th…

Black in the Day…In the Heart of the KKK

November 4, 1997: On this day Chuck E. Burris became the first Black mayor of Stone Mountain, Georgia. The town of Stone Mountain, Ga., holds the distinction of being the birthplace of the 20th Century revival of the Ku Klux Klan. The Dekalb County town and suburb of Atlanta also made history of another sort, when it elected its first African-American mayor on this day in 1997. The Ku Klux Klan proclaimed its 20th century rebirth on the granite mountain that gives the town its name. For decades white-hooded Klansmen flocked…

Black in the Day…A King’s Holiday

November 2, 1983: On this day, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day officially became an American holiday used to commemorate his birthday and to celebrate his life and legacy. On Nov. 2, 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed a bill making Martin Luther King Day a federal holiday, effective Jan. 20, 1986. As a result of this bill, Americans commemorate Martin Luther King, Jr.‘s birthday on the third Monday in January, but few Americans are aware of the history of Martin Luther King Day and the long battle to convince Congress to establish this holiday…

Black in the Day…Where Everybody is Somebody

November 1, 1901: On this date Grambling State University was founded. Grambling State University opened on November 1, 1901 as the Colored Industrial and Agricultural School. It was founded by the North Louisiana Colored Agriculture Relief Association, organized in 1896 by a group of African-American farmers who wanted to organize and operate a school for African Americans in their region of the state. Grambling State University (GSU, Grambling, or Grambling State) is a historically black public university in Grambling, Louisiana. The university is home of the Eddie G. Robinson Museum and is listed on the Louisiana African American Heritage…

Black in the Day…Alexander vs Holmes County

October 29, 1969: On this day the Supreme Court ruled to underscore their previous mandates in Brown and Brown II and ordered immediate desegregation of public schools. In Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education—which was decided on this day in 1969—the Court ruled to underscore their previous mandates in Brown and Brown II and ordered immediate desegregation of public schools.Noting that the “all deliberate speed” language in Brown enabled Southern states to procrastinate, the Court’s decision took no chances, saying, “The obligation of every school district is to terminate dual school systems at once and to operate now and hereafter only unitary schools.” Fifteen years after the U.S. Supreme Court…