On this day pioneering writer Richard Wright, who is best known for the classic texts ‘Black Boy’ and ‘Native Son’, passed away.
On this date The National Medical Association (NMA) was founded by African American physicians as an alternative to the white-only American Medical Association.
On this day the Interstate Commerce Commission banned racial segregation on interstate buses, train lines, and in waiting rooms.
On this day Andrew J. Beard received a patent for the first automatic railroad car coupler thereby revolutionizing railroad safety.
On this day, the first Black person to ever go into outer space was born.